Chinese Fans

Silk and satin fans appeared and it became a fashion among scholars and artists to show their genius by writing and painting on fan surfaces. Fans soon acquired considerable social significance.  It was not only used as a tool to keep cool in the summer period. The Chinese also used it in the cooler seasons to express their characteristics and moods, or just to make a fashion statement. For aristocratic young women, fans made from silk or other precious cloth were a kind of prop to show off grace and beauty. Whenever they met a strange man, they would use their fans to hide their faces. Therefore the fans used by women also have another name-"Zhang mian" which means, "Hiding face."